Hair Loss: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hair Loss is a cause of worry equally for men or women. It may also happen in children too. Also known as alopecia, hair loss can affect the hair on your scalp or your entire body. There may be different reasons for hair loss which becomes the basis for individual treatment.

The present article will focus on what can be various causes for hair loss, diagnosis, and treatment. But first, let’s know what exactly hair loss is.

If you lose between 50 to 100 hairs in a day, then this is not considered as a problem of hair fall rather this much is normal with about 100,000 hairs on your head.

Look out for signs like a huge amount of hair in the drain after washing or clumps of hair in your comb to see if the hair loss is more than the normal.

Normally, lost hair is replaced by new ones, but this may not happen always. Gradually this can lead to heavy hair loss which can be temporary or even permanent.

Losing hair than normal should be discussed with a doctor who may then check with you details like your food intake, medication, etc. and provide you treatment after assessing the underlying reason.

Read the article till the end to know more about hair loss.

Causes of Hair loss

As mentioned by the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), 80 million men and women in America have hereditary hair loss or alopecia.

  • Certain sex hormones trigger hair loss and can start as early as puberty.
  • Other than hereditary, there could be reasons like pregnancy, childbirth, menopause which are all hormone-related causes.
  • If someone has a medical condition like thyroid, scalp infection like ringworm or autoimmune diseases named alopecia areata, this may become a reason for hair loss.
  • Hair loss can also take place during medication of issues like depression, arthritis, cancer, high blood pressure or other heart problems.
  • Another reason that has been observed as a cause of hair loss is a physical or emotional shock or stress. This could include situations like a high fever, extreme weight loss, sudden death in the family, etc.
  • What you eat also affects your hair. If your diet lacks essential minerals like proteins, iron, vitamins, and zinc it may show an impact on your hair.


Having known the causes, it becomes meaningful to be acquainted with how hair loss can be diagnosed.

Hair growth is a time taking a step and knowing the cause of hair loss is a little complicated, so you have to be mindful of this fact before you visit your doctor or dermatologist.

Your doctor may diagnose the cause of your hair loss by knowing your health history and physical examination. If it is felt to be the result of an inadequate diet, some alterations in your diet plan can help which may be accompanied with or without some medicines.

In case it looks like an autoimmune or skin disease, a biopsy of the scalp may be recommended.

Also Read: Why is My Hair Falling Out? 6 Causes of Hair Loss

Treatment of Hair Loss

Now let’s look at various treatment options available for curing hair loss.


In most of the cases, medications will be the initial action for treating hair loss. It may include some topical creams or gels that can be applied directly to the scalp.

Medications may also consist of oral medicines. Usually, such medicines are to be taken daily which reduces the rate of hair loss and in some cases also results in the growth of new hair.

However oral medication may show certain side effects, so you should be mindful of that.

The medication may show side effects but not limited to below:

  • Glaucoma
  • Fluid retention and inflammation in the lower legs
  • Increased blood pressure and blood sugar
  • Cataracts
  • Certain infections
  • Loss of calcium from bones leading to osteoporosis
  • Thinning of Skin
  • Sore throat and huskiness

Dealing through Medical Procedures

If medicines don’t stop hair loss, it has to be treated with surgical procedures. It may include procedures like scalp reduction, hair transplant surgery, etc.

While these surgical treatments are expensive, they also accompany some risks like scars, infection, bleeding or patchy hair growth or the risk of repeating the surgery in case the first attempt is not successful.


Your hair demand cares as much as your other body parts do. Eat a balanced diet that includes a good amount of iron, zinc, and protein.

Also, be mindful of the fact that certain hair styling products and tools can worsen the quality of your hair leading to hair loss.

Avoid using the below as much as possible:

  • Bleaching Agents
  • Colouring Products
  • Perms and Relaxers
  • Heated Combs and Blow Dryers
  • Hair Straighteners

Treating hereditary hair loss is difficult, but treating them with medical procedures may prove helpful. Consult a dermatologist in time to know what treatment can suit your requirements.

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