Nanga Parbat And Its Top 13 Interesting Facts

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nanga parbat

Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest mountain in the world. It belongs to the Himalayan family. Nanga Parbat is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. It is located at a height of 8126 m (approximately 26,660 feet). As Nanga Parbat is located in the Diamer district, it is locally known as Diamer. Nanga Parbat is also considered the deadliest mountain of the Himalayan family. It is also called “the western anchor of the Himalayas”.

The name Nanga Parbat comes from the Sanskrit words ‘Nanga’ and ‘Parbat’ which means ‘bare mountain’. Nanga Parbat is also known as Doe Mir, which means “Great Mountain”.

There are a total of 14 mountains in the Himalayan range which are over 8000m high and Nanga Parbat is one of 14 eight thousand.

Nanga Parbat lies south of the Indus River in Pakistani administered Kashmir. It is located near the north face of the Karakoram.

Notable features of Nanga Parbat:

The Nanga Parbat has great vertical relief on the local terrain in almost all directions. To the south, Nanga Parbat has what is often referred to as the world’s tallest mountain, the Rupal Face, which rises 4,600 m (about 15,090 ft.) above sea level.

On the north side, the slightly more gently sloping complex named Rakhiot Flank rises to 7,000 m (approximately 23,000 ft.) above sea level from the Indus River valley to the summit in just 25 km (about 16 miles), and it’s one of the ten greatest elevation gains over such a short distance on earth.

Nanga Parbat is one of only two peaks in the world to rank among the twenty highest mountains in the world and the most important peak in the world, where Nanga Parbat ranks ninth and fourteenth respectively.

The other mountain is the very famous and highest peak of Mother Earth namely Sagarmatha / Mount Everest (8848m) which ranks first among the twenty highest mountains in the world and the most important peak.

Nanga Parbat is also considered to be the second hardest 8,000-meter peak after Mount Karakoram (Austin Godwin), the second-highest peak in the world, as well as one of the most dangerous peaks in the world.

After 31 people died while attempting to climb Mount Nanga Parbat before its first ascent in 1953, it has also been dubbed “the killer mountain”.

Nanga Parbat is the third most dangerous 8,000-meter peak with a fatality rate of 22.3% of climbers dying on the mountain.

In 2012, there were at least 68 climber fatalities on the Nanga Parbat.

Nanga Parbat is also the second most important peak in the Himalayas, after Mount Everest.

The lowest point of Nanga Parbat is Zoji la (where la means pass) in Kashmir, which connects it to the higher peaks of the rest of the Himalayas and the Karakoram Range.

Nanga Parbat layout:

The core of Nanga Parbat is a long ridge oriented southwest to northeast. The ridge is made up of a huge mass of ice and rock. The Nanga Parbat has three faces and looks like this:

  (1) The Diamir

  (2) Rakhiot Peak

  (3) Faces of Rupal

“The southwest part of the main ridge is known Mazeno walls, and it also has some subsidiary peaks. While on the other side, the main ridge slopes northeast to Rakhiot Peak (7,070 m approximately 23,200 feet). The Rupal face mainly dominates the south / south-east slope of the mountain. The north/northwest side of the mountain, which leads to the Indus River, is very complex. It is divided into the Diamir face (west) and the Rakhiot face (north) by a long ridge. There are some subsidiary peaks, including North Peak (7,816m approx. 25,643 ft.) about three kilometers (1.9 miles) north of the main peak. Near the base of the Rupal Face is a glacial lake called Latbo, located above a village of seasonal herders.

History of climbing Nanga Parbat:

  • Hermann Buhl (The first winter ascent was made on February 16, 2016, by Simone Moro, Alex Txikon, and Ali Sadpara) made the first ascent on the Nanga Parbat in 1953. An Austrian mountaineer member of a German-Austrian team climbed the Nanga Parbat for the first time, via the Rakhiot Flank (East Ridge), on July 3, 1953. Willy Meryl’s half-brother Karl Herring koffer from Munich organized the expedition, while the expedition leader was Peter Aschenbrenner, who had participated in the 1932 and 1934 attempts.
  • At the time of this expedition, 31 people had already died on the mountain. And made this mountain the deadliest mountain.
  • The final push for the summit was very dramatic: Buhl continued alone for the last 1,300 meters (about 4,300 feet) after his companions turned around. Under the influence of drugs, pain, and coca leaf tea, he reached the summit dangerously late, at 7 p.m., the ascent harder and longer than he had expected. His descent was slowed when he lost a crampon and caught up in the darkness, he was forced to stand on a narrow ledge, holding a small grip with one hand. He was very exhausted as he dozed off but managed to maintain his balance anyway.
  • He was also very lucky to have a quiet night, so he was not subjected to the wind chill. He finally reached his high camp at 7 p.m. the next day, 40 hours after his departure. Most importantly, the ascent was made without oxygen, and Buhl is the only man to have made the first ascent of an 8,000-meter (about 26,000 feet) summit on his own.
  • Attempts to reach the summit of Nanga Parbat began very soon after its discovery by Europeans. In 1895, Albert Mummery led an expedition to the summit and reached nearly 6,100 m (about 20,000 feet) on the Diamir (west) face, but unfortunately, Albert Mummery and his two other Gorkha companions died in recognition of the Rakhiot face.
  • In 1930, the Nanga Parbat became the focus of German mountaineers. German mountaineers were unable to attempt the world’s tallest mountain, Mount Everest, as only the British had access to the Tibet region. Initially, German efforts were focused on Austin Godwin (the second tallest mountain in the world), to which Paul Bauer led two expeditions in 1930 and 1931, but with its long ridges and steep faces, Austin Godwin s’ turned out to be much more difficult than Mt. Everest and neither of the two expeditions made any progress. Austin Godwin considers him even harder to scale today, and his remoteness meant that even reaching his base would be a major success.
  • W. Merkl led the first German expedition to Nanga Parbat in 1932. It is also called the German-American expedition like the eight climbers included. While the team was all rough climbers, none had any experience of mountaineering in the Himalayas, and absolutely poor planning, coupled with the bad weather, kept the team from progressing well beyond the Northeast face of Rakhiot peak from Nanga Parbat summit, reached by Peter and Herbert Kunigk, but they established the feasibility of a route via Rakhiot peak and the main ridge.
  • Merkl led another expedition in 1934, which was well prepared and funded with the full support of the new Nazi government. At the start of the expedition, Alfred Drexel died, probably from high altitude sickness. Tyrolean climbers Peter Aschenbrenner and Erwin Schneider reached an estimated height of 7,900m (around 25,900 feet) but were forced to return due to bad weather. On July 7, they and 14 other climbers were trapped by a storm at 7,480 m (approximately 24,540 ft). In the desperate retreat that followed, three German mountaineers and six Sherpas died of exhaustion, exposure, and altitude sickness, and several others suffered severe frostbite. It has been said that the catastrophe, “for prolonged agony, has no equivalent in the annals of escalation”.
  • In 1937 Karl Wein led another expedition to the mountain, following the same route as Merkl’s expeditions. Some progress has been made, but slower than before due to heavy snowfall. Around June 14, seven Germans and nine Sherpas, almost the entire team, were at Camp IV under Rakhiot peak which was a great success but unfortunately, an avalanche overwhelmed the whole team. All sixteen climbers are dead. The search team found that the tents had been buried in ice and snow rather than swept away. One of the victim’s newspapers said “our situation here is not entirely avalanche-proof”.
  • The Germans returned in 1938 led by Paul Bauer, but the expedition was plagued by bad weather, and Bauer, aware of previous disasters, ordered the group to descend before the Silver Saddle, halfway between the peak Rakhiot and the summit of Nanga Parbat, is not reached.

Aufschnaiter Shipping:

Heinrich Harrer, an expert mountaineer, was a member of the Alpine Unit. The unit practiced on Mount Eiger in Switzerland in 1938. When the group returned to Germany, Adolf Hitler encountered them. In May 1939, Harrer was selected by the German Himalayan Mountaineering Foundation to participate in a new expedition to Nanga Parbat, under the direction of Peter Aufschnaiter. And their goal was to create new routes to climb the northwest face. They explored the Diamir Face in an attempt to find an easier route. They concluded that the face was a viable route, but World War II intervened and the British in Dehradun, India captured the four men. Harrer’s escape and subsequent wanderings through Tibet.

  • In 1984, French mountaineer Liliane Barnard became the first woman to climb the Nanga Parbat.
  • In 2005, Americans Vince Anderson and Steve House climbed the central pillar of the Rupal face of Nanga Parbat in five days, then took two days to descend. Their alpine-style climb is one of the most daring Himalayan climbs to date. Steve House described this first ascent: “Summit day was physically one of the most difficult days I have ever experienced in the mountains. We had climbed for five days with a very limited chance of recovery. Fortunately, the weather was perfect. But I wasn’t sure we would be successful until we got to just below the south summit at over 8,000 meters and could see the last easy meters to the top.

Nanga Parbat Assault Tragedy:

An attack on June 23, 2013, at Nanga Parbat base camp by 15 to 20 Taliban terrorists disguised as Gilgit paramilitary officers like clothes killed 10 climbers, including one Lithuanian, three Ukrainians, two Slovaks, two Chinese, one Chinese-American, a Nepalese man, a Sherpa guide and a Pakistani cook, a total of 11 victims were killed in this attack. The attack occurred around 1 a.m. and was claimed by a local branch of the Taliban terrorist organization. The activists came in the night, waking the climbers from their tents, then tying them up, taking their money, and shooting them down one by one.

How to make a trip to Nanga Parbat:

  • Nanga Parbat is one of the most beautiful mountains of the Himalayan family. And if you are planning a trip to Nanga Parbat, one thing is for sure, it is an adventure and a fantastic view of beautiful nature.
  • Nanga Parbat is considered the most beautiful mountain in the Himalayas, but don’t be fooled by its appearance. Nanga Parbat looks very handsome from afar but in reality, he is very tough, proud, and ruthless. Every mistake is punished here. Neither does he forgive anyone nor love. And maybe this is the reason why Nanga Parbat is known as Killer Mountain.
  • On one side it seems like a very dangerous mountain while on the other side it has one of the best views and those views are amazing. And in addition to the risk, this is perhaps the reason why each year climbers from all over the world register to climb this beautiful mountain.

Travel to Nanga Parbat: –

Many professional institutes in Pakistan offer treks and tours to Nanga Parbat. Some of the best mountaineering and tours and travel institutes in Pakistan are as follows:

   (1) Apricot Tours Pakistan

   (2) Trango Adventures.

   (3) Pakistan Alpine Institute.

   (4) Shimsal Mountaineering School.

   (5) Falcon Adventure Club.

As different travel agencies have different fees, rules, and standards for theirs. Here we provide basic details on how to plan a trip to Nanga Parbat.

STEP 1: You need to visit the official website of any good travel and travel organization that deals with offering a trip to Nanga Parbat.

STEP 2: As you sign up and make your payment, you will know the start date of the tour.

STEP 3: As your days are finalized, you need to get your bags ready.

STEP 4: When you reach the airport, all other accommodation will be taken care of by the relevant Tour & Travel Company.

The basic trip overview provided by all T&T organizations is as follows:

  • The Nanga Parbat expedition offers fantastic mountain views. 
  • Breathtaking view of the Indus River and the Karakoram Highway. 
  • The world’s best adventure in the Himalayan Mountains. 
  • Tourism.
  • Stunning wild landscapes Trek to Nanga Parbat base camp.

The program will look like this:

  • Usually, the journey starts from the Chillas Karakoram Highway on a bus.
  • Another day trip to Fairy Meadows.
  • Kachel (offers one of the best views of Nanga Parbat).
  • Alpine forest (the trek becomes more impressive).
  • The base camp of the mighty Nanga Parbat.
  • T&T offers camping there.
  • Return to Kachel.
  • Trek and direction Chillas
  • Back at home

The program will look like this:

  • The trip to Nanga Parbat is usually 43-47 days.
  • The average charge for a full service is between $ 21,500 and $ 25,500.
  • Food, camping, etc. are included in the fees.

Additional information:

  • Confirmation of the visit will be received at the time of booking. 
  • Not recommended for travelers with back problems.
  • No heart problems or serious medical problems.
  • Travelers should be in moderate physical shape.

NOTE: – For travel and travel to any part of Pakistan, you can ask a Trip advisor for help.

Top 13 Interesting Facts about Mount Nanga Parbat

Some of the 13 main facts about the Nanga Parbat are as follows: –

(1) Nanga Parbat is the second-highest mountain in Pakistan. It is in the region of Gilgit-Baltistan. Nanga Parbat means “Bare Mountain”. It is the ninth highest peak in the world, at 26,660 feet (8,130 m) high. In 1953, an Austro-German named Hermann Buhl was the first to climb it.

(2) Nanga Parbat is the highest peak in the Nanga Parbat range. The range covers an area of ​​120 mi (190 km) in length and 12 to 24 mi (19 to 39 km) in width. To the east, it joins the Pir Panjal chain.

(3) It is the highest peak in the Nanga Parbat range. This mountain has three main faces which are: Rupal, Rakhiot, and Diamir. The Rupal face is the highest mountain wall in the world, rising 4,600 meters from its base to the top of the mountain.

(4) The first successful ascent of this mountain was made by Hermann Buhl on July 3, 1953. It was a solo ascent without an oxygen cylinder.

(5) Nanga Parbat is also known as “Killer Mountain” because 31 people died trying to climb it before the first successful ascent.

(6) Nanga Parbat is located just south of the Indus River in the Astore district of the northern regions of Kashmir.

(7) Nanga Parbat has enormous vertical relief on the local terrain in all directions. To the south, Nanga Parbat has what is often called the highest mountain face in the world: the Rupal face rises 4,600 m (15,090 ft.) above its base.

(8) Nanga Parbat is located in the Diamer district, so it is locally known as Diamer. Nanga Parbat is also the second most important peak in the Himalayas, after Mount Everest.

(9) Nanga Parbat is also considered the deadliest mountain of the Himalayan family. It is also called “the western anchor of the Himalayas”.

(10) The Rupal face of Nanga Parbat is considered the highest mountain face in the world, rising approximately 4,600 meters (15,090 feet) from its base to the icy summit of Nanga Parbat.

(11) Nanga Parbat is considered the second most difficult 8,000-meter peak after Godwin Austin (the second highest peak in the world, as well as one of the most dangerous.

(12) Nanga Parbat is the third most dangerous peak of 8,000 meters with a mortality rate of 22.3% of climbers dying on the mountain.

(13) Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest peak in the world, but climbing is more difficult than the highest mountain in the world, namely Mount Everest. It is also considered the deadliest mountain peak in the world. Nanga Parbat is one of only two peaks in the world to rank among the twenty highest mountains in the world and the most important peak in the world, where Nanga Parbat ranks ninth and fourteenth respectively.

Conclusion:

  • Nanga Parbat is considered the most beautiful mountain in the Himalayas, but don’t be fooled by its appearance. Nanga Parbat looks very handsome from afar but in reality, he is very tough, proud, and ruthless. Every mistake is punished here. Neither does he forgive anyone nor love. And maybe this is the reason why Nanga Parbat is known as Killer Mountain.
  • On one side it looks like a very dangerous mountain while on the other side it has one of the best views and for adventure seekers, it is like paradise and those views are just amazing. And in addition to the risk, this is perhaps the reason why each year climbers from all over the world sign up to climb this beautiful mountain and make a name for themselves in history.

Also Read: Top 10 Best Natural Places To Visit In Pakistan

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